Soul of rapid growth in Indian economy has

witnessed various revolution related with agriculture since primitive era. In

India, agriculture is a primary source of economy for mass population.

Agriculture based revolution has result in balancing the supply of increasing

demand of cereals for rapidially growing population of India. Study reveals the

fact that over 60 % of the rural population in India is dependent on

agriculture as prime source of their livelihood. With advancement in

agricultural techniques and selection of crop pattern has increased the yield

manifold on the same agricultural area. If agriculture along with allied sector

is taken into account such as fisheries, forestry, horticulture etc it will

account for one of the major and single largest contributor of nations GDP. Since

Independence, government has come up with various policies, which supports

industrialization or infrastructure development with the help of foreign

investment or by promoting the small industry. In spite of the same,

agriculture is the only sector in India, which supports mass population in

terms of employment and major contributor for Indian economy.

In Recent past despite of the fact that there is

increase in agricultural productivity, the inclination towards the selection of

agriculture as a prime source of livelihood has decreased. India has witnessed

the maximum population of youth who is contributing towards the building of

nation in positive direction. Despite of this fact, after higher studies the

inclination to work in formal agriculture sector or selection of farm

cultivation, as a career is mere a thought. It results in old agricultural

practice, which is being used by majority of the farmers, which results in

comparatively less yield as compared to other countries i.e. Canada, China. Currently

the advancement in agricultural technology has its limitations up to the

laboratory and research institutes only. It is because due to lack of decision

support system farmers are not getting right advice at right time.

The risk of Crop failure due to changing

environmental condition across the globe is also a challenge. Unavailability of

real time database of demand and supply is also one among the major factors,

which is directly affecting the profitability of the farmers in negative way

despite of high crop yield.

Geographical Information system can be

considered as boon for agriculture industry if its usage can be practiced in

way that is more effective. In Next Section, this article will cover the

details that will reveal the fact that despite of high agricultural

productivity why profitability is less. What are the major pain area for

agricultural practice? How GIS as a technology can be effectively used by

formal sectors to help farmers in decision support system for selection of crop

until obtaining maximum profits in terms of selling price?

Click here to read more: - GIS Based Decision Support System for Agriculture in India