Soul of rapid growth in Indian economy has
witnessed various revolution related with agriculture since primitive era. In
India, agriculture is a primary source of economy for mass population.
Agriculture based revolution has result in balancing the supply of increasing
demand of cereals for rapidially growing population of India. Study reveals the
fact that over 60 % of the rural population in India is dependent on
agriculture as prime source of their livelihood. With advancement in
agricultural techniques and selection of crop pattern has increased the yield
manifold on the same agricultural area. If agriculture along with allied sector
is taken into account such as fisheries, forestry, horticulture etc it will
account for one of the major and single largest contributor of nations GDP. Since
Independence, government has come up with various policies, which supports
industrialization or infrastructure development with the help of foreign
investment or by promoting the small industry. In spite of the same,
agriculture is the only sector in India, which supports mass population in
terms of employment and major contributor for Indian economy.
In Recent past despite of the fact that there is
increase in agricultural productivity, the inclination towards the selection of
agriculture as a prime source of livelihood has decreased. India has witnessed
the maximum population of youth who is contributing towards the building of
nation in positive direction. Despite of this fact, after higher studies the
inclination to work in formal agriculture sector or selection of farm
cultivation, as a career is mere a thought. It results in old agricultural
practice, which is being used by majority of the farmers, which results in
comparatively less yield as compared to other countries i.e. Canada, China. Currently
the advancement in agricultural technology has its limitations up to the
laboratory and research institutes only. It is because due to lack of decision
support system farmers are not getting right advice at right time.
The risk of Crop failure due to changing
environmental condition across the globe is also a challenge. Unavailability of
real time database of demand and supply is also one among the major factors,
which is directly affecting the profitability of the farmers in negative way
despite of high crop yield.
Geographical Information system can be
considered as boon for agriculture industry if its usage can be practiced in
way that is more effective. In Next Section, this article will cover the
details that will reveal the fact that despite of high agricultural
productivity why profitability is less. What are the major pain area for
agricultural practice? How GIS as a technology can be effectively used by
formal sectors to help farmers in decision support system for selection of crop
until obtaining maximum profits in terms of selling price?