Climate

Change is the buzz word and with Greta Thunberg, and her climate strike

movement, it had become quite a popular word, thanks to social media.

However,

one needs to understand that it is merely not a popular word on social media

but a hard-hitting reality which is not taking up a toll on lives but also

resulting in economic losses.

2019

was the year, when India experienced most of the devastating effect of climate

change with intense summer, delayed monsoon, floods and unseasonal rainfalls.

This

increasing effect of climate change not only took its toll on human lives but

also agriculture and animals. There have been numerous implication of climate

change on human lives but the severe weather events that have caused damage to

agriculture and allied activities, leading us to economic loss as well.

This

year, according to skymet weather, the country has recorded excess rainfall to

the tune of 110 per cent of the long-period average. The country’s cumulative

rainfall for the monsoon (June 1 to September 30) was recorded at 968.3 mm

against the normal rains of 880.6 mm. This incessant rainfall in the country

had resulted in 13 states such as Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka,

Assam, Bihar among others. Apart from taking lives, the damage it caused to the

agriculture land was irrecoverable.

One

of the most affected states was Maharashtra that is known for its Kharif

production. The torrential downpour resulted in washing away agriculture lands

of western Maharashtra such as Pune, Kolhapur, Sangli, and Satara. This floods

in Maharashtra inflicting damage of crops such as sugarcane which resulted in

low production of sugar for the year 2019-2020. This flood not only destroyed

the farmland but around 7000 milch animals were also dead and missing hitting

the milk production.

If

not these floods, but the unseasonal rainfall in the month of October-November

in the states like Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Karnataka and others caused havoc

with the remains crops. It not only damaged the crops such as moong and urad in

Rajasthan and onions in Karnataka and Maharashtra but also caused a damage of

around 90 lakh hectares of Kharif land in Maharashtra. These losses not only

hit the farmers but also caused erratic food inflation in the country. With

prices of onion and vegetables skyrocketing, the prices of pulses continue

causing a dent in the pocket of consumers. The grapes orchards destroyed due to

unseasonal rainfall in Nashik resulted in reducing the export.

The

loss was not limited to this but had also damaged the major cash crops of our

country such as soybean and cotton. This loss resulted in revenue losses of

farmers and also hampering exports of the country.

This

incessant unseasonal rainfall also resulted in the loss of milk production. The

milch animals of flood-affected areas were in the stage of shock which also

resulted in the reduced production of milk. The standing crops of maize which

got destroyed in rain also resulted in lack of feed for the animals. Due to

lack of availability of feed, it affected the production of milk in the flush

period which starts after the monsoon. The flush period is a time when

lactation is highest in cows and buffaloes. This period falls in the month of

October-January. However, as the animals were in shock and lack of availability

of feed resulted in lower production of milk. The impact can be witnessed as

there is an overall shortage of milk at the country level with a shortage of 10

per cent in cow milk production.

Climate change is playing a crucial role in disturbing the economy and causing food inflation. It is the time to realize that climate change is not only a fashionable word but has its long-lasting implications that are shaking the economy and household budget. Its time to wake up as the impact of it is touching every household now.

Author: Anvita Srivastava