Change is the buzz word and with Greta Thunberg, and her climate strike
movement, it had become quite a popular word, thanks to social media.
one needs to understand that it is merely not a popular word on social media
but a hard-hitting reality which is not taking up a toll on lives but also
resulting in economic losses.
was the year, when India experienced most of the devastating effect of climate
change with intense summer, delayed monsoon, floods and unseasonal rainfalls.
increasing effect of climate change not only took its toll on human lives but
also agriculture and animals. There have been numerous implication of climate
change on human lives but the severe weather events that have caused damage to
agriculture and allied activities, leading us to economic loss as well.
year, according to skymet weather, the country has recorded excess rainfall to
the tune of 110 per cent of the long-period average. The country’s cumulative
rainfall for the monsoon (June 1 to September 30) was recorded at 968.3 mm
against the normal rains of 880.6 mm. This incessant rainfall in the country
had resulted in 13 states such as Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka,
Assam, Bihar among others. Apart from taking lives, the damage it caused to the
agriculture land was irrecoverable.
of the most affected states was Maharashtra that is known for its Kharif
production. The torrential downpour resulted in washing away agriculture lands
of western Maharashtra such as Pune, Kolhapur, Sangli, and Satara. This floods
in Maharashtra inflicting damage of crops such as sugarcane which resulted in
low production of sugar for the year 2019-2020. This flood not only destroyed
the farmland but around 7000 milch animals were also dead and missing hitting
the milk production.
not these floods, but the unseasonal rainfall in the month of October-November
in the states like Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Karnataka and others caused havoc
with the remains crops. It not only damaged the crops such as moong and urad in
Rajasthan and onions in Karnataka and Maharashtra but also caused a damage of
around 90 lakh hectares of Kharif land in Maharashtra. These losses not only
hit the farmers but also caused erratic food inflation in the country. With
prices of onion and vegetables skyrocketing, the prices of pulses continue
causing a dent in the pocket of consumers. The grapes orchards destroyed due to
unseasonal rainfall in Nashik resulted in reducing the export.
loss was not limited to this but had also damaged the major cash crops of our
country such as soybean and cotton. This loss resulted in revenue losses of
farmers and also hampering exports of the country.
incessant unseasonal rainfall also resulted in the loss of milk production. The
milch animals of flood-affected areas were in the stage of shock which also
resulted in the reduced production of milk. The standing crops of maize which
got destroyed in rain also resulted in lack of feed for the animals. Due to
lack of availability of feed, it affected the production of milk in the flush
period which starts after the monsoon. The flush period is a time when
lactation is highest in cows and buffaloes. This period falls in the month of
October-January. However, as the animals were in shock and lack of availability
of feed resulted in lower production of milk. The impact can be witnessed as
there is an overall shortage of milk at the country level with a shortage of 10
per cent in cow milk production.
Climate change is playing a crucial role in disturbing the economy and causing food inflation. It is the time to realize that climate change is not only a fashionable word but has its long-lasting implications that are shaking the economy and household budget. Its time to wake up as the impact of it is touching every household now.
Author: Anvita Srivastava