For managing Environment, India is known for policy without law and law without policy and if both Law and Policy exist then there is a lack of determination in implementation agencies. This is almost applicable for all environmental programs where policy is compromised due to lack of law, Law is compromised due to lack of government willingness. In recent past the scenario has changed. There are various government initiatives for Energy and Environment Management where Policy can be correlated with laws and implementation agencies has reached the masses such as Swacch Bharat Abhiyan, toilets for every citizens.

Team theearthview have had an opportunity to discuss with Dr. Ruchi Gupta in an interview regarding the various aspects of government initiative on Energy and Environment.

In Delhi, residences are not billed for water and get subsidized

electricity. Isn’t this increase the wastage or causing over-usage?

In my view, it is one of the

mechanisms to control usage. The schemes on reduction in electricity and water

bills are linked to consumption limits. For example, in the case of

electricity, up to 200 units, the electricity bill is free. Beyond 200 units, the

consumers need to pay the bill as per the tariff slab. So, to avail the

benefits of the schemes, consumers have to use the resources wisely.

Pic Credit Shishir Pal Singh

Various State Governments are providing low-cost electricity or

free electricity to farmers to strengthen them. This often results in the

overexploitation of groundwater for irrigation. Do you think it will create a

water crisis in future?

In our country, there is an

over-exploitation of groundwater for irrigation purpose. If the consumption

will continue at a similar pace, no doubt, water scarcity will emerge as a big

challenge. There is a need to deploy water-efficient irrigation practices and

also awareness among farmers.

As a Policy, Rainwater Harvesting was made mandatory in metro

cities, do you think likewise solar panels also need to be made mandatory?

Well, we can’t relate rainwater

harvesting with solar rooftop implementation. For solar panels, technical

feasibility assessment is essential and the projects also involve financial

implications to the Discoms. Therefore, a detailed study becomes important

before imposing any such mandatory provisions.

The average temperature of the earth is getting increased, the

inconsistent weather pattern is quite common. What should be our mitigation

strategy as a developing nation?

India already has set ambitious

targets of reducing greenhouse gas emissions through eight National Missions.

Under the National Missions, there are independent targets and mitigation

strategies to combat climate change. The mitigation strategies include adopting

energy-efficient practices; adopting renewable energy sources; promoting more

sustainable uses of land and forests; opting advanced transport such as

electric vehicles, etc. In my opinion, in India, the challenge lies in the

implementation of programmes. So, strong implementation strategies are required

for achieving the targets as aimed under National Missions.

Pic Credit; Shishir Pal Singh

How a common man can contribute to a healthy and

energy-efficient environment?

Every person can contribute to

building a healthy and energy-efficient environment. There are several


By reducing electricity consumption,

Use of public transport,

Reuse and recycle products,

Tree plantation, etc.

About Dr. Ruchi Gupta

Dr. Ruchi Gupta has about 15 years of experience in the renewable energy sector. She has worked in various clean energy programmes and supported for policy studies, feasibility assessment, training and capacity building activities. Ruchi holds a doctoral degree in water resources and a master’s in Environment Management.