plastic in day to day life in not uncommon, it is being utilized in almost all
aspect of daily life. In India, approx. The benefits of plastic are undeniable.
The material is cheap, lightweight and easy to make. These qualities have led
to a boom in the production of plastic over the past century. Most plastics do
not biodegrade. Instead, they slowly break down into smaller fragments known as
microplastics. Studies suggest that plastic bags and containers made of
expanded polystyrene foam (commonly referred to as “Styrofoam”) can take up to
thousands of years to decompose, contaminating soil and water. The most common
single-use plastics found in the environment are, in order of magnitude,
cigarette butts, plastic drinking bottles, plastic bottle caps, food wrappers,
plastic grocery bags, plastic lids, straws and stirrers, other types of plastic
bags, and foam take-away containers. These are the waste products of a
throwaway culture that treats plastic as a disposable material rather than a
valuable resource to be harnessed.
What is Single us Plastic:
As per UNEP
(United Nation Environment Program) Single-use plastics, often also referred to as disposable plastics, are commonly used
for plastic packaging and
include items intended to be used only once before they are thrown away or recycled.
These include, among other items, grocery bags, food packaging, bottles,
straws, containers, cups and cutlery.
Practise of Single use plastic in India:
In India, usage
of single use plastic, is being done for all most everything. In terms of usage,
the synonyms of carry bag mean Plastic Bag. Almost 15, 000 tonnes of plastic
waste are generated every day, out of which 9, 000 tonnes are collected and
processed/recycled. However approx. 6, 000 tonnes of plastic waste are not
being collected. The uncollected mass of these plastic waste further worsens
the environment by various long-term adverse impact. example;
impact on aquatic animals when thrown into water
b) Adverse health
impact on Animals who at times chew the same with other solid wastes
c) Choke the
sever and drain
d) Reduce the
natural capacity of percolation of rain water through soil
e) Most of the plastics and non-biodegradable.
It remains in soil for many years and reduce the natural fertility
Calling Ban on Single use plastic has welcomed in
India as government has taken initiative to prevent its manufacturing and usage.
Although the complete and detailed plan is not yet shared amongst people. The
first and best approach of managing environmental pollution is to make people aware
about the adverse impact of plastic usage. Government has successfully done the
same by taking a good initiative to minimize its usage and then eliminate the
same in coming days.
with government, role of citizen is equally important in this mission. This can
be done by following mean of voluntary activity;
Educating people about Environment, Making aware the adverse impact of plastic
the usage of plastic in routine life by alternate means; example Carrying jute
bag, cloth Bag with us in Market rather then asking Plastic carry bag
segregation of Waste, by this it can be sent for processing/recycling
cloth/Old Cloth can be utilized or promoted for preparation of carry bag
e) Stop throwing wastes in open or water