Why do we celebrate World Environment Day?

Awareness is one among the key factor for management of Increasing environmental issues. At times, lack of information on various environmental aspects amongst people make them responsible for unknowingly and indirect contributor of pollution which in long term results in impacts on their lives as well.

United Nations identify spreading Awareness as a principal vehicle for protection of Environment. Since year 1974 World Environment Day is being celebrated across the world on 5th June to encourage awareness on Environment. Every year United Nation selects a different theme related with environmental issues for encourage awareness. It is being hosted by different countries every year.

When India Hosted “World Environment day”

 In India it was hosted in year 2018 under a theme ” Beat Plastic Pollution”. There were various steps taken after that. Prime Minister of India “Sri Narendra Modi” appealed the people to avoid using single use plastic. Government is planning to phase out single-use plastics by 2022.

Who will Host World environment Day in Year 2020?

Colombia will host 2020 World Environment Day in partnership with Germany and it will focus on biodiversity


Conference on the Human Environment was held in June 5-16 (year 1972) in Sweden. This conference is known as turning point for International Environmental Politics where developed countries and developing countries came on same platform and identified the Environment as a global and common cause. The basic agenda was to address the challenge of preserving and enhancing the human Environment. 

on 15th December 1972, the general Assembly of United Nation adopted a resolution by designating June 5 as World Environment Day.  Since the Conference was started from 5th June hence the date coincides with the first day of the landmark Conference Two years later, in 1974 the first WED was held with the theme “Only One Earth”. Even though WED celebration have been held annually since 1974, in 1987 the idea for rotating the centre of these activities through selecting different host countries began.

Since the first celebration in 1974, the World Environment Day has helped UNEP to raise awareness and generate political momentum around growing concerns such as the depletion of the ozone layer, toxic chemicals, desertification and global warming. The Day has developed into a global platform for taking action on urgent environmental issues. Millions of people have taken part over the years, helping drive change in our consumption habits, as well as in national and international environmental policy.

Annual themes identified by United Nation for World Environment Day in past years;

S.NO Year Theme Host city
1 1974 Only one Earth during Expo ’74 Spokane, United States
2 1975 Human Settlements Dhaka, Bangladesh
3 1976 Water: Vital Resource for Life Ontario, Canada
4 1977 Ozone Layer Environmental Concern; Lands Loss and Soil Degradation Sylhet, Bangladesh
5 1978 Development Without Destruction Sylhet, Bangladesh
6 1979 Only One Future for Our Children – Development Without Destruction Sylhet, Bangladesh
7 1980 A New Challenge for the New Decade: Development Without Destruction Sylhet, Bangladesh
8 1981 Ground Water; Toxic Chemicals in Human Food Chains Sylhet, Bangladesh
9 1982 Ten Years After Stockholm (Renewal of Environmental Concerns) Dhaka, Bangladesh
10 1983 Managing and Disposing Hazardous Waste: Acid Rain and Energy Sylhet, Bangladesh
11 1984 Desertification Rajshahi, Bangladesh
12 1985 Youth: Population and the Environment Islamabad, Pakistan
13 1986 A Tree for Peace Ontario, Canada
14 1987 Environment and Shelter: More Than A Roof Nairobi, Kenya
15 1988 When People Put the Environment First, Development Will Last Bangkok, Thailand
16 1989 Global Warming; Global Warning Brussels, Belgium
17 1990 Children and the Environment Mexico City, Mexico
18 1991 Climate Change. Need for Global Partnership Stockholm, Sweden
19 1992 Only One Earth, Care and Share Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
20 1993 Poverty and the Environment – Breaking the Vicious Circle Beijing, People’s Republic of China
21 1994 One Earth One Family London, United Kingdom
22 1995 We the Peoples: United for the Global Environment Pretoria, South Africa
23 1996 Our Earth, Our Habitat, Our Home Istanbul, Turkey
24 1997 For Life on Earth Seoul, Republic of Korea
25 1998 For Life on Earth – Save Our Seas Moscow, Russian Federation
26 1999 Our Earth – Our Future – Just Save It! Tokyo, Japan
27 2000 The Environment Millennium – Time to Act Adelaide, Australia
28 2001 Connect with the World Wide Web of Life Torino, Italy and Havana, Cuba
29 2002 Give Earth a Chance Shenzhen, People’s Republic of China
30 2003 Water – Two Billion People are Dying for It! Beirut, Lebanon
31 2004 Wanted! Seas and Oceans – Dead or Alive? Barcelona, Spain
32 2005 Green Cities – Plan for the Planet! San Francisco, United States
33 2006 Deserts and Desertification – Don’t Desert Drylands! Algiers, Algeria
34 2007 Melting Ice – a Hot Topic? London, England
35 2008 Kick the Habit – Towards A Low Carbon Economy Wellington, New Zealand
36 2009 Your Planet Needs You – Unite to Combat Climate Change Mexico City, Mexico
37 2010 Many Species. One Planet. One Future Rangpur, Bangladesh
38 2011 Forests: Nature at your Service New Delhi, India
39 2012 Green Economy: Does it include you? Brasilia, Brazil
40 2013 Think.Eat.Save. Reduce Your Footprint Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
41 2014 Raise your voice, not the sea level Bridgetown, Barbados
42 2015 Seven Billion Dreams. One Planet. Consume with Care. Rome, Italy
43 2016 Zero Tolerance for the Illegal Wildlife trade Luanda, Angola
44 2017 Connecting People to Nature – in the city and on the land, from the poles to the equator Ottawa, Canada
45 2018 Beat Plastic Pollution New Delhi, India
46 2019 Beat Air Pollution China


2 thought on “Why do we celebrate World Environment Day?”
  1. What a article. Everyone should know this. Now it’s become a necessity to save and work for environment for us and for our next generation. I congratulate team The EarthView for their efforts.

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