Why do we celebrate World Environment Day?

Awareness is one among the key

factor for management of Increasing environmental issues. At times, lack of

information on various environmental aspects amongst people make them

responsible for unknowingly and indirect contributor of pollution which in long

term results in impacts on their lives as well.

United Nations identify spreading

Awareness as a principal vehicle for protection of Environment. Since year 1974

World Environment Day is being celebrated across the world on 5th June to

encourage awareness on Environment. Every year United Nation selects a

different theme related with environmental issues for encourage awareness. It

is being hosted by different countries every year.

When India Hosted "World Environment day"

In India it was hosted in year 2018 under a

theme " Beat Plastic Pollution". There were various steps taken after

that. Prime Minister of India "Sri Narendra Modi" appealed the people

to avoid using single use plastic. Government is planning to phase out

single-use plastics by 2022.

Who will Host World environment Day in Year 2020?

Colombia will host 2020 World

Environment Day in partnership with Germany and it will focus on biodiversity

History

Conference on the Human Environment

was held in June 5-16 (year 1972) in Sweden. This conference is known as

turning point for International Environmental Politics where developed

countries and developing countries came on same platform and identified the

Environment as a global and common cause. The basic agenda was to address the

challenge of preserving and enhancing the human Environment.

on 15th December 1972, the

general Assembly of United Nation adopted a resolution by designating June 5 as

World Environment Day. Since the Conference

was started from 5th June hence the date coincides with the first day of the

landmark Conference Two years later, in 1974 the first WED was held with the

theme "Only One Earth". Even though WED celebration have been held

annually since 1974, in 1987 the idea for rotating the centre of these

activities through selecting different host countries began.

Since the first celebration in

1974, the World Environment Day has helped UNEP to raise awareness and generate

political momentum around growing concerns such as the depletion of the ozone

layer, toxic chemicals, desertification and global warming. The Day has

developed into a global platform for taking action on urgent environmental

issues. Millions of people have taken part over the years, helping drive change

in our consumption habits, as well as in national and international

environmental policy.

Annual themes identified by United Nation for World Environment Day in past

years;

S.NO

Year

Theme

Host city

1

1974

Only one

Earth during Expo '74

Spokane,

United States

2

1975

Human

Settlements

Dhaka,

Bangladesh

3

1976

Water:

Vital Resource for Life

Ontario,

Canada

4

1977

Ozone Layer

Environmental Concern; Lands Loss and Soil Degradation

Sylhet,

Bangladesh

5

1978

Development

Without Destruction

Sylhet,

Bangladesh

6

1979

Only One

Future for Our Children – Development Without Destruction

Sylhet,

Bangladesh

7

1980

A New

Challenge for the New Decade: Development Without Destruction

Sylhet,

Bangladesh

8

1981

Ground

Water; Toxic Chemicals in Human Food Chains

Sylhet,

Bangladesh

9

1982

Ten Years

After Stockholm (Renewal of Environmental Concerns)

Dhaka,

Bangladesh

10

1983

Managing

and Disposing Hazardous Waste: Acid Rain and Energy

Sylhet,

Bangladesh

11

1984

Desertification

Rajshahi,

Bangladesh

12

1985

Youth:

Population and the Environment

Islamabad,

Pakistan

13

1986

A Tree for

Peace

Ontario,

Canada

14

1987

Environment

and Shelter: More Than A Roof

Nairobi,

Kenya

15

1988

When People

Put the Environment First, Development Will Last

Bangkok,

Thailand

16

1989

Global

Warming; Global Warning

Brussels,

Belgium

17

1990

Children

and the Environment

Mexico

City, Mexico

18

1991

Climate

Change. Need for Global Partnership

Stockholm,

Sweden

19

1992

Only One

Earth, Care and Share

Rio de

Janeiro, Brazil

20

1993

Poverty and

the Environment – Breaking the Vicious Circle

Beijing,

People's Republic of China

21

1994

One Earth

One Family

London,

United Kingdom

22

1995

We the

Peoples: United for the Global Environment

Pretoria,

South Africa

23

1996

Our Earth,

Our Habitat, Our Home

Istanbul,

Turkey

24

1997

For Life on

Earth

Seoul, Republic

of Korea

25

1998

For Life on

Earth – Save Our Seas

Moscow, Russian

Federation

26

1999

Our Earth –

Our Future – Just Save It!

Tokyo,

Japan

27

2000

The

Environment Millennium – Time to Act

Adelaide,

Australia

28

2001

Connect

with the World Wide Web of Life

Torino,

Italy and Havana, Cuba

29

2002

Give Earth

a Chance

Shenzhen,

People's Republic of China

30

2003

Water – Two

Billion People are Dying for It!

Beirut,

Lebanon

31

2004

Wanted!

Seas and Oceans – Dead or Alive?

Barcelona,

Spain

32

2005

Green

Cities – Plan for the Planet!

San

Francisco, United States

33

2006

Deserts and

Desertification – Don't Desert Drylands!

Algiers,

Algeria

34

2007

Melting Ice

– a Hot Topic?

London,

England

35

2008

Kick the

Habit – Towards A Low Carbon Economy

Wellington,

New Zealand

36

2009

Your Planet

Needs You – Unite to Combat Climate Change

Mexico

City, Mexico

37

2010

Many

Species. One Planet. One Future

Rangpur,

Bangladesh

38

2011

Forests:

Nature at your Service

New Delhi,

India

39

2012

Green

Economy: Does it include you?

Brasilia,

Brazil

40

2013

Think.Eat.Save.

Reduce Your Footprint

Ulaanbaatar,

Mongolia

41

2014

Raise your

voice, not the sea level

Bridgetown,

Barbados

42

2015

Seven

Billion Dreams. One Planet. Consume with Care.

Rome, Italy

43

2016

Zero

Tolerance for the Illegal Wildlife trade

Luanda,

Angola

44

2017

Connecting

People to Nature – in the city and on the land, from the poles to the equator

Ottawa,

Canada

45

2018

Beat

Plastic Pollution

New Delhi,

India

46

2019

Beat Air

Pollution

China

Author: @theearthview@gmail.com